The Development of Analytical Thinking Skills of Mathayomsuksa 2 Students by Using The TAPSE Model

  • เสาวเพ็ญ บุญประสพ
Keywords: Instruction Model, Analytical thinking, Constructivism, Active Learning


The purposes of this research were 1) to develop the instruction model on constructivism with active learning (TAPSE Model) to enhance analytical thinking for Mathayomsuksa 2 2) to determine the efficiency of TAPSE Model by using the effectiveness criteria of E1/E2 3) to study the students’ satisfaction towards the learning with TAPSE Model. The sample of this study was 36 Mathayomsuksa 2 students in the first semester of academic year 2019 at a big Mathayomsuksa school in Ubonratchathani selected by cluster random sampling technique.  The research process began by studying conceptual framework of instructions, Constructivism theory, Active learning form papers and researches, designed the TAPSE Model. After that it was brought to 5 experts to evaluate the quality of the research equipment. The instruments used in this study included 1) TAPSE Model with the quality of the model approved at the highest level ( = 4.67, S.D. = 0.19). 2) the lesson plans which were approved at the highest level  ( = 4.61, S.D. = 0.12) 3)  an analytical thinking test with difficulties (p) ranging from 0.35 – 0.78, discriminating powers (r) ranging from 0.25 to 0.85, and with reliability of 0.93 and 4) the questionnaire of the students’ satisfaction towards learning by TAPSE Model with a reliability of 0.92. Data were analyzed by mean   ( ), standard deviation (S.D.), t-test and   - Coefficient.

The results indicated that 1) The instruction model on constructivism with active learning (TAPSE Model) was developed with five steps: (1) Triggering Attention (T) (2) Active Construction (A) (3) Presentation and Sharing (P) (4) Summary and Application (S) and (5) Evaluation and Progression (E) 2) The effectiveness criteria of the TAPSE Model was 78.80/77.87 and the students’ learning analytical thinking after studying higher than before at the .01 level 3) The students’ satisfaction towards the TAPSE Model as a whole was at the highest level  ( = 4.59).

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