The Development of Online Global Englishes-based Listening Materials to Enhance Thai Learners' Listening Comprehension
The purpose of this study is to test the efficiency of the online listening materials based on Global Englishes. In order to achieve the objective, researchers reviewed factors affecting Thai learners' English listening comprehension and other related issues on developing materials and developed a set of online materials for the participants, students who enrolled in a course named English for Communication 1 at Mae Fah Luang University in Semesters 1 and 2 in the academic year of 2020. The results show that, for the efficiency of the materials, the learning materials developed gained the efficiency (E1/E2) of 62.03/60.30 in the individual stage, 67.30/67.58 in the group testing stage, and 72. 63/ 71. 47 for the field- testing stage—which means the criterion for each stage was met. The students' listening comprehension skills also improved as their post- test scores increased significantly. It can be said that the listening materials designed based on concepts of Global Englishes can be promoted and should be used as an effective way to enhance Thai learners' English listening comprehension.