M-Learning of Comparative Legal Terms In EAP Law I
This study aims at 1) to study legal terms in the law areas of English for Academic Purposes of Law I (EAP Law I) in the areas of Crime and Punishment, Women’s Rights, White-Collar Crime and Consumer Rights as sources in web-application and E-book; 2) to create the learning instrument, the web-application and E-book of the innovative comparative legal terms between Thai-English-American legal terms to enhance learning in the experimental group; and 3) to propose the model of M-learning of Thai-English-American legal terms on the Web-application and E-book for mobile learning. The research findings of proficiency scores of the terms between the experimental group and the control group are as follows. The respondents were 27 second-year law students at Chulalongkorn University studying in semester 1/2022 in which students in Section 7 were in the experiment group (n = 15) and students in section 6 were in the control group (n = 12). The research instruments were the web-application with an E-book created and uploaded onto the website so learners could access via internet on mobile phones or other computer devices for their M-learning. Scores were collected four times - two times from Quiz 1 and Quiz 2, and another two times from the midterm exam and the final exam. The two-way repeated measure ANOVA is used to compare scores between the two groups. The results of the proficiency scores in the experimental group revealed that their quiz scores were higher significantly than those in the control group with the main effect of Quiz scores (F(1,25) = 33.33, p < .001, ηp2 = 0.57). Overall quiz scores were different when comparing between Experimental Group (mean = 11.46) and the Control Group (mean = 9.60), and the means of these two groups are significantly different (mean difference = 1.86, S.E. = 0.32, p < .001). There was also the significant interaction effect of the exam scores in the control group (F(1,25) = 7.58, p < .05, ηp2 = 0.23). However, with the limitations in the nature of midterm and final exams written by EAP Law I exam committee in the semester that research was conducted, there was no Vocabulary Part, only in the two quizzes. In response to the research objectives, from the studies in the experimental group learning in the comparative manner of Thai, English, American legal terms in EAP Law I and the creation of the model of the web-app and E-book for learning instrument, the research results shows that they can learn better as shown in higher scores than those in the control group.