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The Royal Institute was one of King Prajadhipok’s important royal duties, believed as the preservation of arts and culture. Contemporary documents revealed that it was H.M. royal duty on education. King Prajadhipok had the Council of Vajirañana National Library, appointed by King Chulalongkorn since 1905, called the Royal Institute. The Council crafted for knowledge on the Siamese civilization; beginning with the establishment of the National Library and books publishing in the reign of King Rama V. Then, the Council had responsible for the best literary work awards, exploring and preserving the ancient sites within the kingdom, which led to collections for museum in the reign of King Rama VI. Due to budget problem, King Prajadhipok abolished the Fine Arts Department and put essential officers in care of the Council, which renamed to the Royal Institute. The foreign artists in the new Fine Arts Institute were both teachers for the apprentices to the Royal Court and the court artisans. Hence, the Royal Institute was the continuation of H.M. royal duty on education.