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This research aims to study the image of Yakushiji abbot in the 55th story of Ujishuui monogatari Yakushiji abbot was Saiguen monk who had existed in history. He entered the monkhood in “Sanron Practice” (madhyamaka). From the study of the story, he had a pure faith in Buddhism and was the abbot at the temple. His duty and faith was to follow the many doctrines of Buddhism; although during his time at the temple, he had taken some rice
from the temple’s barn. This act went against doctrines of Buddhism. Eventually, he was sent to hell at the end of his life. Therefore, it is interesting to study the image of this abbot who was practicing and upholding the faith of Buddhism. What was the true reason of why he would have broken the doctrine himself. During the time of the He-an era it shows a time when monks could make mistakes like other people. It is believed that the study of the image of Yakushiji’s abbot could reflect a monk’s life from He-an era to Kamakura era from a story told by people who lived during this particular era. Discovered from this study, there are two following negative points listed below; 1. Regarding to the Five Commandments and Bodhisattva-śīla, it has shown that he was unreliable and did not purely believe, or follow strictly Buddha’s doctrines. 2. He was also irresponsible and a disrespectful monk.