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Since the beginning of the 21st century, China has become the fastest developing country in Asia, moving forward in politics, economy, culture and society. The latest focus is the "One Belt One Road" of China's new era 21st century. One Belt One Road in China will not only drive the economic development and political cooperation of various countries, but also bring the development of new and high technologies, education exchange, many field of cooperation, and promote social development and cultural exchanges. For China and Thailand, there have been numerous cooperation projects like One Belt and One Road since ancient times, which greatly promoted the economic development and social progress of the two countries. The origin and development of One Belt and One Road, of course, are beneficial and win-win, but dialectically, what are its losses to both parties? This article will focus on, how did the relationship between China and Thailand influence and develop through the silk road in history? It needs to be pointed out that Thailand is one of the countries with political instability due to its internal factors such as political problems -- frequent coups in Thailand, political interference and terrorism. This makes the One Belt and One Road project between China and Thailand face more complicated problems and impacts. Finally, summarizing the results and giving recommendations to the Thai government or related organizations has been taken into consideration to change or to be a guideline for the development policy between Thailand and China in the future.
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